Facebook NMT Misrepresentation
Transcript of the language segment of “Self-supervised learning: could machines learn like humans?”
Yann LeCun, VP & Chief AI Scientist, Facebook
Video is online at https://www.facebook.com/epflcampus/videos/1960325127394608/?t=1542. Segment starts at 25:30.
Yann LeCun, computer scientist working in machine learning, computer vision, mobile robotics and computational neuroscience, sees self-supervised learning as a potential solution for problems in reinforcement learning, as it has the advantage of taking both input and output as part of a complete system, making it effective for example in image completing, image transferring, time sequence data prediction, etc. While the model’s complexity increases with the addition of feedback information, self-supervised learning models significantly reduce human involvement in the process.
Gepostet von EPFL am Freitag, 5. Oktober 2018
“You can see convolutional nets for other things, in particular for text, in particular for translations…
This is a system that was built at Facebook to do translation, evolving all the time. You can think of text as a sequence of symbols. You can turn it into a sequence of vectors, and then that becomes something you can build convolutions on. The cool thing about this is, there is a huge problem on Facebook, which is that we want to be able to translate from any language to any other language that people use on Facebook, and people use maybe 5000 languages on Facebook, or 7000. We don’t have parallel text from Urdu to Swahili, or something, so how do we translate from any language to any other language?
It would be nice if there were a way of training translation systems with very little or no parallel text. And in fact, amazingly enough, that is possible. What you do is, you take a piece of text in one language, you can run what is called an unsupervised embedding algorithm. So for those of you who know what Word-to-Vec is, that’s kind of similar, but it is a little more sophisticated than that.
You find a vector that basically encodes each word or each group of words corresponding to what context it can appear in. Now what you have is, a language is a cloud of points, right, a cloud of vectors. Now you have a cloud of points for one language, a cloud of points for another language, and if you can find a transformation that will match those two clouds of points using some distance, perhaps you will find a way of translating one language to another.
And in fact, that actually works, amazingly enough. So you do this, you get different shades of clouds of points, but there is some commonality between them which makes it so that you can transform one into the other with a very simple transformation and build what essentially amounts to dictionaries or translation tables from one language to another without ever having seen parallel text.”
Below are two examples of Facebook translation. The first is from Norwegian to English. You can quickly fathom that the poster is commenting on a new piece of state architecture, but you won’t know what she is really trying to communicate about the planned new regjeringsbyggene. The second example is from Reddit of a Facebook translation from Japanese to English. The original is おはよう♪今週もがんばろう！ Google and Systran both give this one as “Good morning ♪ Good luck this week!”, and Bing goes with “Good morning♪ Let’s do our best this week!” Bing almost gets this one – as translated by a Japanese/Canadian bilingual speaker, the clear translation is “Good morning! Let’s do our best this week too!”